Introduction to the Eye

Eye health is an important part of overall health. It’s crucial to childhood development and independent aging for adults. Most people depend on clear vision. It helps them participate in their occupation, hobbies, and even to perform most everyday tasks. If any part of your visual system is not working, or not conveying the appropriate messages to your brain, vision suffers. To understand how vision is possible, check out our Introduction to the Eye video below.

Our eyes allow us to appreciate the beauty of the world, experience the joy of learning new activities, and undertake new adventures. Knowing the anatomy of your eyes and having regular exams is the best way to keep your eyes healthy and your vision intact.

Parts of the Eye

The sclera (the white part of the eye) is the opaque, fibrous, protective outer layer.

The pupil is the hole located in the center of the iris. It allows light to enter the eye. The pupil appears black because light rays entering the pupil are absorbed by the tissues inside the eye. Or they are absorbed after diffused reflections within the eye.

The iris is a thin, circular structure in the eye. It controls the diameter and size of the pupil. The color of the iris is often referred to as eye color.

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber. The cornea with the anterior chamber and lens refracts light with the cornea. This accounts for approximately two-thirds of the eye’s total optical power.

The crystalline lens is a transparent and biconvex structure. Along with the cornea, it helps to refract light to focus on the retina. By changing shape, the lens functions to change the focal distance of the eye. This happens so that it can focus on objects at various distances.

The retina is a light-sensitive layer of tissue lining the surface of the eye. It captures light sent through the cornea and crystalline lens. It then creates an image by triggering nerve impulses that pass to various visual centers of the brain via the optic nerve.

The macula and fovea are small areas within the retina that contain the rods and cones. These structures determine the color and shape of the image you are viewing.

ATTENTION:

I finally have some good news to share. After receiving guidance form the CDC, the governor, and the American and Ohio Optometric Associations we will be reopening for all services next Monday, May 4. We will be implementing several new policies and procedures to keep everyone safe.

OUR NEW POLICIES
Beginning Monday, Both Optique Family Vision Care locations will be back open for all eye care services.

While we are pleased to be able to resume providing comprehensive eye health and vision care to our patients, we have put a few new policies and protocols in place to help continue to slow the spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) and protect the health and safety of both our staff and our patients.

* Personal Protective Equipment will continue to be worn by all doctors and staff.
* We will continue thorough hand washing and disinfecting throughout the office.
* We will continue to provide curbside dispensing of glasses and other materials.
* (Free) Mail delivery of contact lens orders.
* Reduced appointment scheduling to limit patient-to-patient interaction.
* Requiring ‘Patient only’ appointments, asking patients to come by his or herself (or limiting minors to one parent or guardian).
* Requiring patients to wear a mask to his or her visit .
* Continued initial screening of patients before they are seen to reduce exposure risk.

We ask for continued patience and understanding as we apply these new protocols to provide the best and safest care for you and our staff.

We look forward to seeing you soon.

Sincerely,

Dr. Fries